columns().every()

Since: DataTables 1.10.6

Iterate over each selected column, with the function context set to be the column in question.

Description

A typical operation with the DataTable API is to perform an operation on a collection of columns - a common action is performed on each column, adding event handlers, updating data, etc. This iteration of the columns can be performed a number of ways in DataTables, each with its own advantages:

This columns().every() method is likely to be the most useful in the majority of cases as it sets the context of the callback function to be the column() instance for the column in question (normally a callback in the DataTables API has its context set to be at the top level API hierarchy). In simple terms this means you have the methods such as column().data() available as this.data() in the callback given to this method.

Consider the following example using each(), which iterates over the column indexes that have been selected - we are required to get the column() object for each column to be able to work with it directly:

table.columns().eq(0).each( function ( index ) {
    var column = table.column( index );

    var data = column.data();
    // ... do something with data(), or column.nodes(), etc
} );

Using columns().every() this can be rewritten as:

table.columns().every( function () {
    var data = this.data();
    // ... do something with data(), or this.nodes(), etc
} );

Although a relatively simple optimisation in terms of code presentation, it can make the code much more readable and intuitive.

The other advantage is that the table context is automatically handled - in the first example above where each() is used, the eq() method is used to select the information from the first table in the API's context only, introducing complexity if multiple tables are used. In columns().every() the table context is automatically set to the appropriate table for each column that has been selected.

Type

function columns().every( fn )

Description:

Iterate over each selected columns

Parameters:
Returns:

DataTables API instance of the selected columns.

Examples

Add a filter for each column in the table to the footer:

var table = $('#example').DataTable();

table.columns().every( function () {
	var that = this;

	$( 'input', this.footer() ).on( 'keyup change', function () {
		that
			.search( this.value )
			.draw();
	} );
} );

Build a search for each column with a select-filter class.:

var table = $('#example').DataTable();

table.columns( '.select-filter' ).every( function () {
	var that = this;

	// Create the select list and search operation
	var select = $('<select />')
		.appendTo(
			this.footer()
		)
		.on( 'change', function () {
			that
				.search( $(this).val() )
				.draw();
		} );

	// Get the search data for the first column and add to the select list
	this
		.cache( 'search' )
		.sort()
		.unique()
		.each( function ( d ) {
			select.append( $('<option value="'+d+'">'+d+'</option>') );
		} );
} );

Sum all columns which have a class of .sum and put the sum into its footer cell:

var table = $('#example').DataTable();

table.columns( '.sum' ).every( function () {
	var sum = this
		.data()
		.reduce( function (a,b) {
			return a + b;
		} );

	$(el).html( 'Sum: '+sum );
} );

Related

The following options are directly related and may also be useful in your application development.