How call async funcion after ajax call

How call async funcion after ajax call

vahidsamvahidsam Posts: 6Questions: 2Answers: 0

I want to manipulate the data after receiving it from the server.
I tried to call async funtion in dataSrc section like following example but I cant show the data on the table.

$('#example').dataTable( {
  "ajax": {
    "url": "data.json",
    "dataSrc": async function ( json ) { // I added async 
      // call async funtion here
       json.data = await myfunction(json)
      return json.data;
    }
  }
} );

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Answers

  • kthorngrenkthorngren Posts: 17,724Questions: 25Answers: 4,204

    Not sure why you are trying to use an async function. Is data.json being served by a web server or the local file system?

    Maybe you want to use ajax as a function. Its hard to say without knowing more about what you are trying to do.

    Kevin

  • vahidsamvahidsam Posts: 6Questions: 2Answers: 0

    Hi Kevin,

    that was my fault. Data comes from the web server. But the response data from server is encoded. To decode the data I need to call another asynchronous function (here myfunction() ) and then the data can be displayed in table.

    $('#example').dataTable( {
      "ajax": {
        "url": "localhost:3000",
        "dataSrc": async function ( json ) { // I added async
          // call async funtion here
           json.data = await myfunction(json)
          return json.data;
        }
      }
    } );
    
  • kthorngrenkthorngren Posts: 17,724Questions: 25Answers: 4,204

    I'm not sure if ajax.dataSrc supports an async function. @allan can confirm.

    One option is to use jQuery ajax() to fetch and process the data. Once complete you can initialize Datataables with the data option. Or initialize an empty Datatable then use rows.add().

    Kevin

  • vahidsamvahidsam Posts: 6Questions: 2Answers: 0

    I am using the table with Severside processing and pagination. it means, if user clicks on another page, the new data should be recieved from server.
    I think initializing an empty table is not really helpfull.

    $(document).ready(function () {
        $('#example').DataTable({
            processing: true,
            serverSide: true,
           "ajax": {
        "url": "localhost:3000",
        "dataSrc": async function ( json ) { // I added async
          // call async funtion here
           json.data = await myfunction(json)
          return json.data;
        }
        });
    });
    
  • kthorngrenkthorngren Posts: 17,724Questions: 25Answers: 4,204

    Sorry, didn't realize you were using server side processing. My above answer won't work for that case.

    If the ajax.dataSrc callback doesn't support aync functions maybe you can use xhr to process the data.

    @allan may have other suggestions for you.

    Kevin

  • vahidsamvahidsam Posts: 6Questions: 2Answers: 0

    I tried using the xhr event as async function to process and manipulate the data like in the example below. But so far it doesn't work properly and I get an error message as alert and table is displayed empty.:

    DataTables warning: Requested unknown parameter '0' from the data source for row '0'

    var table = $('#example')
              .on('xhr.dt', async function ( e, settings, json, xhr ) {
                    json = await decodeData(json);
        } ).DataTable({
            processing: true,
            serverSide: true,
            "ajax": {
                "url": "http://localhost:3000",
                               },
        });
    
  • allanallan Posts: 57,703Questions: 1Answers: 9,195 Site admin

    That is just assigning the result of the decodeData Promise to the local variable. It isn't a "pointer" in the C sense whereby the calling function would then have access to it.

    Also our event handlers don't expect async functions - so they don't wait for the Promise to complete.

    For this sort of behaviour you would need to use ajax as a function and make the Ajax call yourself along with the async post processing.

    Allan

  • kthorngrenkthorngren Posts: 17,724Questions: 25Answers: 4,204

    Hmm, the xhr event might not support async functions. Do you need to use an async function?

    Possibly you can use columns.render to decode just the columns needed. You probably won't want an async function there either.

    Possibly create a rendering plugin.

    Kevin

  • kthorngrenkthorngren Posts: 17,724Questions: 25Answers: 4,204
    Answer ✓

    Possibly use ajax as a function. Here is a Scroller example then might give you some ideas.

    Kevin

  • vahidsamvahidsam Posts: 6Questions: 2Answers: 0

    I found the solution and it works for me.

      $('#example').DataTable({
        processing: true,
        serverSide: true,
        ajax: function (data, callback, settings) {
    $.ajax({
      url: 'http://localhost:3000/',
      data: data,
       success:async function(data){
       data = await decodeData(data);
    
        callback(data);
    
      }
    });
    

    many tnx to Kevin and Allan.

  • kthorngrenkthorngren Posts: 17,724Questions: 25Answers: 4,204
    Answer ✓

    Very nice!

    Kevin

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